What can cause a concussion?
The majority of concussions in children occur while playing sports; however, a traumatic injury or accident such as a car accident or bad fall can also leave your child dealing with a head injury. Some concussions may lead to a loss of consciousness, but most of the time this isn’t the case.
What are the warning signs?
Some of the most common symptoms of a concussion include:
- Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Loss of balance or unsteadiness
- Trouble with cognition, particularly attention, focus, and memory
If your child is alert and responds and acts normally these are often signs that the head injury is mild and probably won’t require emergency care; however, even if your child doesn’t require urgent care you should schedule an appointment to see your child’s pediatrician within the next 48 hours.
When is a concussion considered an emergency?
You should take your child to the ER right away if they develop these symptoms after a head injury:
- Persistent nausea or vomiting
- Loss of consciousness for more than 30 seconds
- A worsening headache
- Fluid draining from the eyes or ears
- Vision problems including dilated pupils
- Persistent tinnitus
- Weakness in the arms or legs
- Changes in behavior
- Slurred speech
- Trouble with coordination such as stumbling or falling
- Persistent dizziness or lightheadedness
How to Keep Kids Safe When Biking
There are a few ways that your pediatrician recommends for teaching bicycle safety to your children:
- Help your kids stay visible to drivers: There are a few factors that can cause a driver not to view your child on a road, aside from texting while driving. Children are usually lower in a driver's sightlines, and they are also vying for a driver’s attention among many other road distractions such as traffic signals, construction, and more. By clothing your children in bright colors, or even having them wear a brightly colored safety vest while riding, you can call a driver’s attention to their presence, thus avoiding an accident. Also, be sure that your child’s bike has reflectors on the rear and front of the pedals and possibly on the seat and handlebars.
- Encourage your child to wear a bike helmet. Helmets can protect the brain and reduce head injuries should they accidentally be hit by a driver. A properly fitting helmet should be buckled under the chin, and shouldn’t wiggle more than an inch when worn.
- Teach your kids to be proactive cyclists. When riding, teach your children to watch out for parked cars that might open their doors, road hazards, common traffic flows, and rules that motorists usually follow. This can be a precursor to their learning to drive and will equip them with a sense of what drivers are most likely to do so that they can act accordingly while bicycling.
Reasons Why Some Children Struggle With Potty Training
Most children after the age of 18 months or so should have little trouble acclimating to potty training. But if your child is struggling, and you aren't sure why there are many potential reasons. Let's take a look at a few of the most common causes of potty training difficulties with children:
- Their Bodies are Just Not Ready — Before 18 months, your child may not have the ability to control when they "go." So putting pressure on them too early may just frustrate them.
- They May Not Have the Developmental Abilities — Some children just progress slower than others and may need more time in a diaper before they're ready to potty train.
- The Idea of Potty Training is Boring or Scary — Many children find potty training boring or even scary and may struggle to get used to the idea of "going" outside their diaper.
- Fear of Accidents May Develop Early — Your child wants to make you happy, and if they have accidents or fear them, they might struggle with potty training.
- Assess while your child is struggling
- Talk with the child to understand their concerns
- Find a solution that makes sense for them
- Work with you and your child to get great results
- Adjust their care methods, as they need
If you think you need help getting your child to use the potty, it might be time to reach out to a professional you can trust to help. A great pediatrician and medical team can provide you and your child with a better understanding of why they don't want to use the potty. And it can also take some of the load off your back as a parent. Frankly, you deserve some rest and relaxation.
At Children's Mercy Pediatric Care North, our skilled team of pediatricians in Kansas City, MO, is here for you if your child has pink eye. Pinkeye is contagious so you need to be careful, but don't panic! We can help with advice and treatment to get your child feeling better. Keep reading about pinkeye and come see your Kansas City, MO, pediatrician if you think your child has pinkeye.
What is pink eye?
Pinkeye, or conjunctivitis, is an eye infection of the clear membrane which covers the eye (the conjunctiva). It causes the eye to become red and produce discharge, which can accumulate overnight and even stick your child's eyelids together. Other symptoms are swollen eyes and sensitivity to light. Teens and adults can get pink eye too, but it's most common in young children so you may hear about an outbreak at a place like a playground or preschool.
Pinkeye can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Pinkeye caused by a virus usually goes away without treatment, and pinkeye caused by bacteria is treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointment.
What do I do?
If you notice symptoms of pinkeye in your newborn, call your Kansas City pediatrician and seek help immediately. Newborns are more likely to suffer from other complications if not treated with antibiotics and ointment immediately.
When your child has pinkeye, there are a few things you can do to ease discomfort. If they wear contacts your doctor will recommend using their glasses until the infection has cleared. Warm or cool compresses can soothe the eyes, and it's best to use disposable cotton. Make sure you wash your hands thoroughly after treating your child to prevent spreading pinkeye. Your doctor will recommend keeping the child out of school or daycare.
If your child is having recurring bouts of pinkeye they could have allergic conjunctivitis, which you should talk to your pediatrician about. Certain allergy medications can help prevent repeated flare-ups. Our skilled team of pediatricians at Children's Mercy Pediatric Care North can help if your child has pink eye. Contact us for an appointment in Kansas City, MO, at (816) 587-3200.
A cleft lip and palate can present many challenges if left untreated including serious hearing, speech, and swallowing problems. As you can imagine, a cleft lip or palate can affect a child’s speech. Children born with these birth defects are also more likely to deal with recurring ear infections and even hearing loss. By repairing this birth defect as soon as possible we can minimize these issues.
Most children will undergo a cleft lip repair between 3-6 months old, while children will often get a cleft palate repair within the first 12 months. Consequent surgeries may be required later on depending on a variety of factors, including the severity of the defect.
Surgery is the only way to correct a cleft lip or palate. The goal of this surgery is to not only improve your child’s appearance but also make it easier for them to speak, chew, or hear. This surgery is performed under general anesthesia, so your child will be asleep throughout the procedure.
To repair a cleft lip, a surgeon will make incisions on both sides of the defect and then stitch the two pieces of tissue together to close the gap, which will greatly improve the shape and appearance of your child’s lip. A cleft palate repair is also performed under general anesthesia and involves making incisions on both sides of the palate to restructure and rebuild the roof of the mouth.
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